• Somalia: This land is my land.

    This is video has nothing to do with the political situation in Somalia today. If you have questions inbox me. share and like please

    published: 07 Mar 2015
  • Somalia - Land ohne Gesetz [GERMAN/FULL]

    published: 20 Nov 2012
  • Somali Culture:Ancient Egypt and the Land of Punt.New Anthropological Movie by RAGEEDI Films 2012

    Somalia is The Land of Punt:Land of Myrrh and Frankincense. Ancestral HomeLand of The Pharaohs . History : « Again the representations of the early Puntites, or Somali people, on the Egyptian monuments, show striking resemblances to the Egyptians themselves. » By Brian Brown New York: Brentano's[1923] In "The Making of Egypt" (1939). Petrie states that the Land of Punt was "sacred to the Egyptians as the source of their race" : ""The Egyptians sometimes called Punt land Ta-Netjeru, meaning "Land of the Gods," and considered it their place of origin ." (Richard Pankhurst, The Ethiopian Borderlands:1997) "The King Sahure (2458-2446 B.C.) from this Egyptian Old Kingdom, Dynasty V (2498-2491 B.C.) made a trade expedition to the Land of Punt . Egyptian ships also reached the shores of ...

    published: 31 Jan 2012
  • Somalia: The Forgotten Story - Al Jazeera World

    The story of Somalia's decline from stability to chaos and the problems facing its people at home and abroad. Correction: A previous version of this film had an incorrect translation for the interview with Mukhtar Robow at 21:52. It has been amended. Correction: At 7:15 Sheikh Mukhtar Mohamed Hussein is misidentified as the Prime Minister of Somalia. He was, in fact, Speaker of the Somali Parliament.

    published: 17 Nov 2016
  • Das BRUTALSTE Land der Welt SOMALIA Doku 2017 NEU in HD / DokuChannel

    Das BRUTALSTE Land der Welt SOMALIA Doku 2017 NEU in HD / DokuChannel Das BRUTALSTE Land der Welt SOMALIA Doku 2017 NEU in HD / DokuChannel Das BRUTALSTE Land der Welt SOMALIA Doku 2017 NEU in HD / DokuChannel Das BRUTALSTE Land der Welt SOMALIA Doku 2017 NEU in HD / DokuChannel Das BRUTALSTE Land der Welt SOMALIA Doku 2017 NEU in HD / DokuChannel Das BRUTALSTE Land der Welt SOMALIA Doku 2017 NEU in HD / DokuChannel Das BRUTALSTE Land der Welt SOMALIA Doku 2017 NEU in HD / DokuChannel Das BRUTALSTE Land der Welt SOMALIA Doku 2017 NEU in HD / DokuChannel

    published: 16 Feb 2017
  • U.S. Marines Land in Somalia

    Dec. 9, 1992

    published: 05 Feb 2012
  • SOMALIA IS THE RICHEST COUNTRY IN THE WORLD 2016 !!

    Daawash wacan dhamaantiin SUBSCRIBE TO OUR MAIN CHANNEL https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCKQVCCe2Jrf20--NsmgHphg SOMALIA WAA WADANKA UGU QANISAAN DUNIDA !

    published: 20 Aug 2016
  • Xildhiban Koore Oo Ka Hadlay Ciidamo Somalia Ka Qoratay Gudaha S/land

    Xildhiban Koore Oo Ka Hadlay Ciidamo Somalia Ka Qoratay Gudaha S/land

    published: 17 Jul 2017
  • Walaadiinta Reer Burco ee Caruurtooda Yemen lagu xasuuqay oo taageeray Somalia,S/land & Kaysena

    Walaadiinta Reer Burco ee Caruurtooda Doontii Yemen lagu xasuuqay oo taageeray Dawlada Somalia Dhaliilo Culculusna ku Hurgufay Xukumada Siilanyo & Wasiir-xigeenkeeda Khaarajiga-kayse

    published: 01 Apr 2017
  • Tropical Village Farms @ Afgoye, Somalia

    For those of you interested in our agricultural sector, Somalia is blessed with the best irrigation land watered by the rivers Shabelle and Jubba. With the right mindset, I believe we can feed our people and even export food to the world in time. Let us all beat our swords into plowshares and till the land!

    published: 12 Dec 2012
  • Somalia - Das vergessene Land

    Somalia steht als einsames Beispiel für den "failed state", den gescheiterten Staat. Somalia, das vergessene, verborgene Land - eine sogenannte "No-Go-Zone" für Ausländer weißer Hautfarbe. Beherrscht von islamischen Milizen, Warlords, Piraten und Kriminellen, zu gefährlich für ausländische Mitarbeiter von Hilfsorganisationen, Diplomaten, Journalisten. Erst mit der Dürrekatastrophe im Frühsommer 2011 rückte Somalia wieder in den Fokus der Weltöffentlichkeit, als zehntausende halb verhungerte, somalische Flüchtlinge das Auffanglager Dadaab in Kenia überschwemmten. Erst da interessierte sich die Welt wieder für das Leid eines Volkes, das seit genau 20 Jahren nur Anarchie, Gewalt und Flucht kennt.

    published: 24 Feb 2014
  • Somalia The Forgotten Story | Somalia, a rich catch for mega powers

    Somalia had a vital geographic location after the opening of Suez canal. This in turn evoked the mega powers of west and north to take an action

    published: 02 Nov 2016
  • HD The Land Of Punt Somalia, Queen Hatshepsut's Expedition

    Commentary and analysis of Queen Hatshepsut's expedition to "The Land of Punt" (also known as "Ta Netjer", "The Land of God"), present day Somalia. Egypt was invaded by the eurasiatic invaders ,and many Ancient Egyptians migrated back to their land of Punt . Somali Egyptian-Puntite language and culture and even DNA were preserved in the horn of Africa . In “The Making of Egypt” 1939. Petrie states that the Land of Punt was “sacred to the Egyptians as the source of their race.” " Again the representations of the early Puntites, or Somali people, on the Egyptian monuments, show striking resemblances to the Egyptians themselves. "'The Wisdom of the Egyptians ' By Brian Brown New York: Brentano's1923 "In addition to the erection and endowments of many temples listed in the Palermo Stone...

    published: 05 Oct 2015
  • Somalia: the unseen side of somalia

    This video shows some of the unseen beauty of our mother land-Somalia. we have everything we need in our home but we DON'T CARE it we have every resources we need for life in our land but we DON'T KNOW HOW TO utilize it. our home is everything but we IGNORE IT. our home is one of the most beautiful land in Africa BUT WE DONT BELIEVE IT. we used to be one of the most privileged country in Africa but we don't REMEMBER THAT! our people are dying on the streets, oceans, cells/jails but we don't STAND FOR PEACE! AMAZING: i wish my people for peace and prosperity. AAMIIN YAA RABI

    published: 09 Apr 2016
  • Somalia mission #KDFOurHeroes

    The daring assault on a KDF camp in Somalia by militants has been described as vehemently horrific. Yet questions are now being raised over the long term sustainability of Kenya’s mission in Somalia 5 years after entry in the war torn nation. Analysts now question why Somali nationals in the area where the attack took place vacated the neighborhood hours into the attack. This coming a few months after Somali parliament voted in support of a motion to withdraw KDF forces in its land. Is it time to discuss the exit strategy? By Eric Biegon.

    published: 18 Jan 2016
  • Somalia 19th Century Original.wmv

    The late 19th century had a huge impact on developments occurring in the Horn of Africa. The European powers (Italy, Great Britain and France) first gained a foothold in Somalia through the signing of various pacts and agreements with the Somali Sultans that then controlled the region, such as Yusuf Ali Kenadid, Boqor Osman Mahamuud and Mohamoud Ali Shire. Italian Somaliland then came under British administration until 1949, when it became a United Nations trusteeship, the Trust Territory of Somalia, under Italian administration. This administration lasted ten years, from 1950 to 1960, with legislative elections held in 1956 and 1959. In 1960, the Trust Territory of Somalia (the former Italian Somaliland) became independent, following in the footsteps of the briefly extant State of Somali...

    published: 06 Mar 2012
Somalia: This land is my land.

Somalia: This land is my land.

  • Order:
  • Duration: 1:46
  • Updated: 07 Mar 2015
  • views: 1389
videos
This is video has nothing to do with the political situation in Somalia today. If you have questions inbox me. share and like please
https://wn.com/Somalia_This_Land_Is_My_Land.
Somalia - Land ohne Gesetz [GERMAN/FULL]

Somalia - Land ohne Gesetz [GERMAN/FULL]

  • Order:
  • Duration: 43:30
  • Updated: 20 Nov 2012
  • views: 548535
videos
https://wn.com/Somalia_Land_Ohne_Gesetz_German_Full
Somali Culture:Ancient Egypt and the Land of Punt.New Anthropological Movie by RAGEEDI Films 2012

Somali Culture:Ancient Egypt and the Land of Punt.New Anthropological Movie by RAGEEDI Films 2012

  • Order:
  • Duration: 14:21
  • Updated: 31 Jan 2012
  • views: 75544
videos
Somalia is The Land of Punt:Land of Myrrh and Frankincense. Ancestral HomeLand of The Pharaohs . History : « Again the representations of the early Puntites, or Somali people, on the Egyptian monuments, show striking resemblances to the Egyptians themselves. » By Brian Brown New York: Brentano's[1923] In "The Making of Egypt" (1939). Petrie states that the Land of Punt was "sacred to the Egyptians as the source of their race" : ""The Egyptians sometimes called Punt land Ta-Netjeru, meaning "Land of the Gods," and considered it their place of origin ." (Richard Pankhurst, The Ethiopian Borderlands:1997) "The King Sahure (2458-2446 B.C.) from this Egyptian Old Kingdom, Dynasty V (2498-2491 B.C.) made a trade expedition to the Land of Punt . Egyptian ships also reached the shores of the land of Punt on the Somali coast to procure highly valued cargoes of myrrh, ebony and animals, among other goods. " Text Reference: The UNESCO General History of Africa: Ancient Civilization of Africa, Vol, II, General History of Africa, G. Mokhtar, 1990, p 64-68 . The greek historian Diodorus of Sicily in his book "Universal history "said that in 6th century before-J-Christ , because of a political crisis in Egypt and the euro-asiatics's infiltrations in Egypt , more than 200 thousands of ancient-egyptians migrated in the south of the Nile by crossing Nubia-Ethiopia with their ships , in the direction of the ,North/East Africa (Now, Somalia ,Djibouti,Ethiopia ...). This last historical fact can explain why the somali language is a survived ancient-egyptian language ,according to the british linguist :"The language of ancient Egypt belonged to the Hamitic group; Surviving Hamitic languages are spoken across a large part of North Africa and include Somali." (The english language ,A Historical Introduction," by Charles Barber .) Even, the genetic research prove that the Somali DNA is originally from Egypt : Haplogroup E1b1b1a (V68) :19th century before J-Christ : Place of origin : Egypt and northern Soudan . Extract of the research : More recently, Tillmar et al. (2009) typed 147 males from Somalia for 12 Y-STR loci, and observed that 77% (113/147) had typical E1b1b1a1b haplotypes. This is currently the highest frequency of E1b1b1a1b found in any single sample population.Similarly, Hassan et al. (2008) in their study observed this to be the most common of the sub-clades of E-M78 found in Sudan, especially among the Beja, Masalit and Fur. The Beja, like Somalis and Oromos, speak an Afro-Asiatic language and live along the "corridor" from Egypt to the Horn of Africa.)" Egyptian-Somali Vocabulary: "The language of ancient Egypt belonged to the Hamitic group...Surviving Hamitic languages are spoken across a large part of North Africa and include Somali." (The english language ,A Historical Introduction," by the british historian and linguist Charles Barber .) 1) In ancient-egyptian language "Hes" = song,sing with musical instrument / in somali language :" Hees"= song,sing with musical instrument. 2) "AAR" means "Lion" in both languages . 3) "Usha" means "Scepter" in both languages . 4)In Somali-Egyptian" Shub" means a)"pour out , " b) construction made of concrete . 5) In Somali-Egyptian languages :"Sekedseked" means " Redoubling of the building blocks ,Stacked building blocks or something else . 6) In Egyptian-Somali : Neter/Neder (divine being) Hipo/Hibo (it means "gift" and the sound "p"it is not mainly used in Hamitic languages ): Heru/Huur (a stork) : Tuf/Tuf (spit) : Habi (the Nile)/ Habi,ᵓAbi (source of water,to drink ,give him drink ) Wabi ( a river) ; Kab/kab (shoe) brq/biriq (lightning) :"Qbb/Qaboob (cold,cool,fresh ): 'ayah/dayah (moon) ; dab/dab (fire) anka/aniga (pronoun "I" ): su,asu/usi (he) ; Ka,Kaah /Ka,Kaah (Him,the man's appearance, spirit,vital essence,) ; Xi/Ki (a such ) ; Hati,Hat/Haat,Haati (widen wings,flying birds) ; medu/muud (liquid), Hoo/Hoo (to offer ) , Gundhate ,Gunti/Gundhate ,Gunti (loincloth) ,Maanta/Maanta (today,morning ); Kaua/Kaw (standard number one ,1,first ) ; NefNefi/NefNef,Neef (respiration,breath ), (Râ,Horakhty /Râh, Horrahthy (the Sun) In Ancient-egyptian "Râ" is the sun-god / in Somali "Qor-Rah" means the "neck of Rah ,sun-god . ( Qor= neck / Rah: sun-god) the letter " a" is pronounced with the voiceless pharyngeal fricative [ħ] 7) Egyptian Somali :Awoow /Awoow (grandfather,old man) ; Ayeeytha/Ayeeyda (grandmother,old woman, old age ) 8) In Ancient-egyptian "Hun, Hunnu" = young man ,young girl/ in Somali "Hun, Hunnu,Huunno" = young man , young girl . 9) Two Somali/Egyptian Similar Names of the Pharaonic Enthronement : Sare,Hore/Sare,Hore ( the High and the First ) 10)In ancient-egyptian :Ausar =god Osiris ,ancestor of egyptians /.In Somali : Ausar,= Father Sar (AW-father ; Sar), Isir,Ausar = Ancestor , venerated in the Somali Culture in the antiquity according to a Somali Historian and linguist Diriye .
https://wn.com/Somali_Culture_Ancient_Egypt_And_The_Land_Of_Punt.New_Anthropological_Movie_By_Rageedi_Films_2012
Somalia: The Forgotten Story - Al Jazeera World

Somalia: The Forgotten Story - Al Jazeera World

  • Order:
  • Duration: 46:12
  • Updated: 17 Nov 2016
  • views: 180196
videos
The story of Somalia's decline from stability to chaos and the problems facing its people at home and abroad. Correction: A previous version of this film had an incorrect translation for the interview with Mukhtar Robow at 21:52. It has been amended. Correction: At 7:15 Sheikh Mukhtar Mohamed Hussein is misidentified as the Prime Minister of Somalia. He was, in fact, Speaker of the Somali Parliament.
https://wn.com/Somalia_The_Forgotten_Story_Al_Jazeera_World
Das BRUTALSTE Land der Welt   SOMALIA   Doku 2017 NEU in HD / DokuChannel

Das BRUTALSTE Land der Welt SOMALIA Doku 2017 NEU in HD / DokuChannel

  • Order:
  • Duration: 50:29
  • Updated: 16 Feb 2017
  • views: 234
videos
Das BRUTALSTE Land der Welt SOMALIA Doku 2017 NEU in HD / DokuChannel Das BRUTALSTE Land der Welt SOMALIA Doku 2017 NEU in HD / DokuChannel Das BRUTALSTE Land der Welt SOMALIA Doku 2017 NEU in HD / DokuChannel Das BRUTALSTE Land der Welt SOMALIA Doku 2017 NEU in HD / DokuChannel Das BRUTALSTE Land der Welt SOMALIA Doku 2017 NEU in HD / DokuChannel Das BRUTALSTE Land der Welt SOMALIA Doku 2017 NEU in HD / DokuChannel Das BRUTALSTE Land der Welt SOMALIA Doku 2017 NEU in HD / DokuChannel Das BRUTALSTE Land der Welt SOMALIA Doku 2017 NEU in HD / DokuChannel
https://wn.com/Das_Brutalste_Land_Der_Welt_Somalia_Doku_2017_Neu_In_Hd_Dokuchannel
U.S. Marines Land in Somalia

U.S. Marines Land in Somalia

  • Order:
  • Duration: 6:53
  • Updated: 05 Feb 2012
  • views: 60179
videos
Dec. 9, 1992
https://wn.com/U.S._Marines_Land_In_Somalia
SOMALIA IS THE RICHEST COUNTRY IN THE WORLD 2016 !!

SOMALIA IS THE RICHEST COUNTRY IN THE WORLD 2016 !!

  • Order:
  • Duration: 1:45
  • Updated: 20 Aug 2016
  • views: 37387
videos
Daawash wacan dhamaantiin SUBSCRIBE TO OUR MAIN CHANNEL https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCKQVCCe2Jrf20--NsmgHphg SOMALIA WAA WADANKA UGU QANISAAN DUNIDA !
https://wn.com/Somalia_Is_The_Richest_Country_In_The_World_2016
Xildhiban Koore Oo Ka Hadlay Ciidamo Somalia Ka Qoratay Gudaha S/land

Xildhiban Koore Oo Ka Hadlay Ciidamo Somalia Ka Qoratay Gudaha S/land

  • Order:
  • Duration: 2:58
  • Updated: 17 Jul 2017
  • views: 63
videos
Xildhiban Koore Oo Ka Hadlay Ciidamo Somalia Ka Qoratay Gudaha S/land
https://wn.com/Xildhiban_Koore_Oo_Ka_Hadlay_Ciidamo_Somalia_Ka_Qoratay_Gudaha_S_Land
Walaadiinta Reer Burco ee Caruurtooda Yemen lagu xasuuqay oo taageeray Somalia,S/land & Kaysena

Walaadiinta Reer Burco ee Caruurtooda Yemen lagu xasuuqay oo taageeray Somalia,S/land & Kaysena

  • Order:
  • Duration: 4:24
  • Updated: 01 Apr 2017
  • views: 2796
videos
Walaadiinta Reer Burco ee Caruurtooda Doontii Yemen lagu xasuuqay oo taageeray Dawlada Somalia Dhaliilo Culculusna ku Hurgufay Xukumada Siilanyo & Wasiir-xigeenkeeda Khaarajiga-kayse
https://wn.com/Walaadiinta_Reer_Burco_Ee_Caruurtooda_Yemen_Lagu_Xasuuqay_Oo_Taageeray_Somalia,S_Land_Kaysena
Tropical Village Farms @ Afgoye, Somalia

Tropical Village Farms @ Afgoye, Somalia

  • Order:
  • Duration: 4:44
  • Updated: 12 Dec 2012
  • views: 20931
videos
For those of you interested in our agricultural sector, Somalia is blessed with the best irrigation land watered by the rivers Shabelle and Jubba. With the right mindset, I believe we can feed our people and even export food to the world in time. Let us all beat our swords into plowshares and till the land!
https://wn.com/Tropical_Village_Farms_Afgoye,_Somalia
Somalia - Das vergessene Land

Somalia - Das vergessene Land

  • Order:
  • Duration: 44:29
  • Updated: 24 Feb 2014
  • views: 3310
videos
Somalia steht als einsames Beispiel für den "failed state", den gescheiterten Staat. Somalia, das vergessene, verborgene Land - eine sogenannte "No-Go-Zone" für Ausländer weißer Hautfarbe. Beherrscht von islamischen Milizen, Warlords, Piraten und Kriminellen, zu gefährlich für ausländische Mitarbeiter von Hilfsorganisationen, Diplomaten, Journalisten. Erst mit der Dürrekatastrophe im Frühsommer 2011 rückte Somalia wieder in den Fokus der Weltöffentlichkeit, als zehntausende halb verhungerte, somalische Flüchtlinge das Auffanglager Dadaab in Kenia überschwemmten. Erst da interessierte sich die Welt wieder für das Leid eines Volkes, das seit genau 20 Jahren nur Anarchie, Gewalt und Flucht kennt.
https://wn.com/Somalia_Das_Vergessene_Land
Somalia The Forgotten Story | Somalia, a rich catch for mega powers

Somalia The Forgotten Story | Somalia, a rich catch for mega powers

  • Order:
  • Duration: 1:18
  • Updated: 02 Nov 2016
  • views: 5576
videos
Somalia had a vital geographic location after the opening of Suez canal. This in turn evoked the mega powers of west and north to take an action
https://wn.com/Somalia_The_Forgotten_Story_|_Somalia,_A_Rich_Catch_For_Mega_Powers
HD   The Land Of Punt Somalia, Queen Hatshepsut's Expedition

HD The Land Of Punt Somalia, Queen Hatshepsut's Expedition

  • Order:
  • Duration: 5:01
  • Updated: 05 Oct 2015
  • views: 4819
videos
Commentary and analysis of Queen Hatshepsut's expedition to "The Land of Punt" (also known as "Ta Netjer", "The Land of God"), present day Somalia. Egypt was invaded by the eurasiatic invaders ,and many Ancient Egyptians migrated back to their land of Punt . Somali Egyptian-Puntite language and culture and even DNA were preserved in the horn of Africa . In “The Making of Egypt” 1939. Petrie states that the Land of Punt was “sacred to the Egyptians as the source of their race.” " Again the representations of the early Puntites, or Somali people, on the Egyptian monuments, show striking resemblances to the Egyptians themselves. "'The Wisdom of the Egyptians ' By Brian Brown New York: Brentano's1923 "In addition to the erection and endowments of many temples listed in the Palermo Stone, the Pharaohs of the Fifth Dynasty were active, as the King Sahure ,2458-2446 B.C., from this Egyptian Old Kingdom, Dynasty V ,2498-2491 B.C.. Egyptian ships also reached the shores of the land of Punt on the Somali coast to procure highly valued cargoes of myrrh, ebony and animals, among other goods. " Text Reference: The UNESCO General History of Africa: Ancient Civilization of Africa, Vol, II, General History of Africa, G. Mokhtar, 1990, p 64-68 "Queen Hatshepsout of Egypt ,15th century B-C, said that Hathor The mistress of Punt ,her mother was from the land of Punt ,from "Buun" the ancient name of Somalia ! To conclude ,"Buun" means in Somali "Horn" and the Land of "Buun" , or Punt in european version , is located in the the Horn of Africa, in the Somali territory, " by AAR NABAD . Historian of Civilisations and Anthropologist sajokal5@yahoo.fr Thanks for sharing ! More details: visit this galery https://www.flickr.com/photos/anbessa2011/21851881335/in/dateposted-public/
https://wn.com/Hd_The_Land_Of_Punt_Somalia,_Queen_Hatshepsut's_Expedition
Somalia: the unseen side of somalia

Somalia: the unseen side of somalia

  • Order:
  • Duration: 4:52
  • Updated: 09 Apr 2016
  • views: 208
videos
This video shows some of the unseen beauty of our mother land-Somalia. we have everything we need in our home but we DON'T CARE it we have every resources we need for life in our land but we DON'T KNOW HOW TO utilize it. our home is everything but we IGNORE IT. our home is one of the most beautiful land in Africa BUT WE DONT BELIEVE IT. we used to be one of the most privileged country in Africa but we don't REMEMBER THAT! our people are dying on the streets, oceans, cells/jails but we don't STAND FOR PEACE! AMAZING: i wish my people for peace and prosperity. AAMIIN YAA RABI
https://wn.com/Somalia_The_Unseen_Side_Of_Somalia
Somalia mission #KDFOurHeroes

Somalia mission #KDFOurHeroes

  • Order:
  • Duration: 3:18
  • Updated: 18 Jan 2016
  • views: 27652
videos
The daring assault on a KDF camp in Somalia by militants has been described as vehemently horrific. Yet questions are now being raised over the long term sustainability of Kenya’s mission in Somalia 5 years after entry in the war torn nation. Analysts now question why Somali nationals in the area where the attack took place vacated the neighborhood hours into the attack. This coming a few months after Somali parliament voted in support of a motion to withdraw KDF forces in its land. Is it time to discuss the exit strategy? By Eric Biegon.
https://wn.com/Somalia_Mission_Kdfourheroes
Somalia 19th Century Original.wmv

Somalia 19th Century Original.wmv

  • Order:
  • Duration: 9:23
  • Updated: 06 Mar 2012
  • views: 28518
videos
The late 19th century had a huge impact on developments occurring in the Horn of Africa. The European powers (Italy, Great Britain and France) first gained a foothold in Somalia through the signing of various pacts and agreements with the Somali Sultans that then controlled the region, such as Yusuf Ali Kenadid, Boqor Osman Mahamuud and Mohamoud Ali Shire. Italian Somaliland then came under British administration until 1949, when it became a United Nations trusteeship, the Trust Territory of Somalia, under Italian administration. This administration lasted ten years, from 1950 to 1960, with legislative elections held in 1956 and 1959. In 1960, the Trust Territory of Somalia (the former Italian Somaliland) became independent, following in the footsteps of the briefly extant State of Somaliland (the former British Somaliland) which had gained independence five days earlier on June 26, 1960.[3] On July 1, 1960, the two territories united as planned to form the Somali Republic.[23][24] A government was formed by Abdullahi Issa, with Aden Abdullah Osman Daar as President and Abdirashid Ali Shermarke as Prime Minister, later to become President (from 1967--1969). On July 20, 1961 and through a popular referendum, the Somali people ratified a new constitution, which was first drafted in 1960 Sultan Yusuf Ali Kenadid, founder of the Sultanate of Hobyo. In late 1888, Sultan Kenadid entered into a treaty with the Italians, making his Sultanate of Hobyo an Italian protectorate. His rival Boqor Osman was to sign a similar agreement vis-a-vis his own Majeerteen Sultanate the following year. Both rulers had signed the protectorate treaties to advance their own expansionist objectives, with Kenadid looking to use Italy's support in his dispute with the Sultan of Zanzibar over an area bordering Warsheekh, in addition to his ongoing power struggle over the Majeerteen Sultanate with Boqor Osman. Both Sultan Kenadid and his rival Boqor Osman also hoped to exploit the conflicting interests among the European imperial powers that were then looking to control the Somali peninsula, so as to avoid direct occupation of their territories by force.[4] The Italians, for their part, were interested in this largely arid country mainly because of its ports, the latter of which could grant them access to the strategically important Suez Canal and the Gulf of Aden.[5] The last piece of land acquired by Italy in Somalia in order to form Italian Somaliland was the Kismayo region (Jubaland), which was earlier controlled by Britain before World War I.[5] However, the relationship between Hobyo and Italy soured when Sultan Kenadid refused the Italians' proposal to allow a British contingent of troops to disembark in his Sultanate so that they might then pursue their battle against the Somali religious and nationalist leader Muhammad Abdullah Hassan's Dervish forces.[4] Viewed as too much of a threat, Sultan Kenadid was eventually exiled to Aden in Yemen and then to Eritrea, as was his son Ali Yusuf, the heir apparent to his throne.[6] At the end of the 19th century, a growing social-political movement developed within Italy to start expanding its influence, since many other European countries had already been doing so, which was effectively leaving Italy behind. There was also a huge shortage of capital and serious economic problems in Italy.[7] It is also argued by some historians that Italy had a minor interest in the mutton and livestock that were then plentiful in Somalia, though whatever designs Italy may have had on the resource-challenged Somali landscape were undoubtedly subordinate to its interest in the region's ports and the waters and lands they gave access to.[8] Cesare Correnti organized an expedition under the "Società Geografica Italiana" in 1876. The next year "L'Esploratore" was established by Manfredo Camperio - a travel journal. In 1879 "Società di Esplorazioni Commerciali in Africa" was created, with the Italian Industrial Establishment involved as well. The "Club Africano", which three years later became the "Società Africana D'Italia", was established in Somalia in 1879.
https://wn.com/Somalia_19Th_Century_Original.Wmv
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